About Rio de Janeiro
Sinuous, insinuating, beautiful and intriguing, the landscape
of Rio de Janeiro has delighted visitors com have
come to its shores for five centuries. A few years after the
announcement of the discovery of the new land of Brazil,
the hills of Urca, the Sugar Loaf and Pedra da Gávea had
already been included in Italian, Dutch, English and, of
course, Portuguese maps.
One of the Portuguese expeditions sent to explore the coast mistook the huge bay that opened to the sea for a river mouth (Rio means river in Portuguese). Thus began the history of Rio de Janeiro.
But the French were the first ones to settle the region, building fortifications in the islands in the middle of the bay. Later, they took some positions on the banks of a river, which was later channeled and covered, located at what is now the Flamengo neighborhood. Native Brazilians used to call this river Kari Oka. Therefore, people living in the city started being called cariocas, including those who arrived later, under the orders of the Portuguese Crown, to expel the French with the swords and cannons of Mem de Sá.
During one of the decisive battles waged to expel the French, Saint Sebastian was invoked – and seen by many – and would become the Patron Saint of the city since its foundation. The defense base was set up on a hill, known as Morro do Castelo (the Castle Hill).
The fortress built on this site dominated the entrance to the bay and had some cannon batteries set up close to the sea on Villegagnon Island. Part of this area was reclaimed from the sea and today this is where the Santos Dumont Airport is located.
An urban center grew and flourished around the Morro do Castelo, supported by the defense structure, the establishment of an administration system for the region and the development of local trade.
Rio de Janeiro was the seat of the viceroyalty, became the capital city of the colony and in the 19th century it became the seat of the Kingdom of Portugal and the Algarves with the arrival of the Portuguese Royal Family. In 1822, with the Independence of Brazil and the coronation of Pedro I, Rio became the first and only capital city of an empire in the Southern Hemisphere.
All this political and economic movement left for those who visit the city a number of well-known landscapes in the city Center. Even before the arrival of the Prince regent, the aqueduct, known today as the Lapa Arches, the
St. Lucy Church, the Monastery of St. Benedict, the City Palace, Convent of St. Anthony and the Imperial Palace had all been already built. With the arrival of the Portuguese Court and later of the French cultural missions,
the city witnessed the emergence of new buildings and public spaces that are must visits for all those interested in the history of Rio: the Botanical Garden, the National Museum (former residence of the emperor), the
Candelaria Church, the neoclassical buildings in the city Center. In the first decades of the 20th century, the Center was still the place where the political, economic and social elites used to meet.
Thus, the area underwent major transformations, such as those that opened new avenues, such as Rio Branco Avenue, the flattening of the Morro do Castelo, the Presidente Vargas Avenue, the tearing down of houses that
proliferated with the development of the harbor area and construction of the railroad. In the wake of these major transformations we have solid evidence of this time that became cultural landmarks, such as the Bank of Brasil Cultural Center, the National Museum of Fine Arts, the France-Brasil House and the Municipal Theater.
Major construction works also marked the era of post-War administrations. Modernism set the tone for monuments such as the Metropolitan Cathedral, in the former site of the Morro de Santo Antônio (St. Anthony Hill), the Modern Art Museum, at Aterro do Flamengo, in the 1950’s. But the beginning of the century also marked the development of other areas of the city that would turn it into a travel destination: the emergence of Copacabana and Ipanema, previously isolated by the hills spread throughout the city, the construction of two icons of Rio, the Sugar Loaf cable car and the Christ the Redeemer statue, which contributed to the city being named the Wonderful City.
Director of the Neuroanatomy Lab at ANII Milwaukee, Wi.
Minimally Invasive Neurosurgery - "Skull Base, Vascular & Port"
Hospital Angeles/Star Medica Lomas Verdes Mexico
Neurosurgery Residency at Hospital Juárez de México
Skull Base & Neurosurgery Vascular Fellowship at Arkansas N...
Andrea Cardia, MD, is a neurosurgeon who specialized in skull base vascular and skull base surgery. He graduated from the school of medicine of Cagliari (Italy) and completed in Milan his residency in Neurosurgery.
From 2003 till 2011 he worked at the Galeazzi Hospital, Milan.
Dr Andrés Cervio Clinical Position: Deputy Chiel FLENI Neurosurgical Department Specialties: - Skull Base Surgery - Neuro-Oncology - Neurosurgery Member of the Editorial Board of the Brazilian Journal of Neurosurgery
NEUROSURGEON GRADUATED BY UNAM IN MÉXICO CITY.
FELLOWSHIP RESEARCH IN SKULL BASE SURGERY IN UNIVERSITY OF ARKANSAS FOR MEDICAL SCIENCES 2003-2004
HEAD OF SKULL BASE CLINIC IN HOSPITAL JUÁREZ DE MÉXICO.
MEMBER OF SKULL BASE COMMITTE OF WFNS
VICEPRESIDENT OF NEUROONCOLOGY SECTION...
1970-1976: Medical study at the University of Bonn
1977-1983: Residency in Neurosurgery and Neurology
Since 1986: Professor of Neurosurgery
1983-1992: Staff member and Associate Professor at University of Düsseldorf
1992-2018: Chairman of...
- Member of the Brazilian Society of Neurosurgery - Master and Doctorate from the Federal University of Pernambuco - Preceptor of the Neurosurgery Medical Residence at Getúlio Vargas Hospital (SUS / PE)
Brazilian Neurosurgeon, Danilo Silva, MD completed his post residency training in the US at the Cleveland Clinic, Weill Cornell Medical College and Brigham and Women’s Hospital at Harvard Medical School. His education includes focused subspecialty training in open and endoscopic skull base surgery, ...View more
Born in Prague in 1937. Professor of Neurosurgery, Emeritus Chairman of the Department of Neurosurgery at the 1st Faculty of Medicine of the Charles University in Prague. Since 2011 title of FCMA, Fellow of the Czech Medical Academy. Member of the World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies (WFNS) s...View more
Full Professor Assistant - ENT/Head and Neck Department - University Federal of Sao Paulo Former President Brazilian Head and Neck Society Doctor degree in Oncology - University of Sao Paulo
Dr. Fred Gentili MD MSc FRCSC FACS FAANS Professor, Neurosurgery Crean Hotson Chair in Skull Base Surgery Alan and Susan Hudson Chair in Neuro-oncology Toronto Western Hospital University Health Network University of Toronto
Gustavo F Nogueira, MD, Chairman of the ENT Department and Co-Director of the Center for Cranial Base Surgery, Neurological Institute of Curitiba, Brazil, and Head of the ENT Department, "Hospital Universitário Evangelico de Curitiba".
Dr. Nogueira graduated in medicine at the Pontifical...
Henry W. S. Schroeder, M. D., Ph.D. is professor and chairman at the Department of Neurosurgery at the University Medicine in Greifswald, Germany. He obtained his MD at the University in Greifswald in 1989. In 1996 he received the Board Certification as Neurosurgeon. Since 2004 he is Professor of Ne...View more
Neurosurgeon and Head of the Interventional Neuroradiology Unit at the Department of Neuroradiology, University of Tours, France. IL Maldonado MD, PhD conducts scientific investigation in the domains of cerebral connectivity and cerebrovascular diseases. His works have targeted the functional anatom...View more
pediatric otolaryngologist at Rady Children‘s Hospital-San Diego and an assistant professor of pediatric otolaryngology in the UC San Diego Department of Otolaryngology/Head and Neck Surgery
Head, Department of Neurosurgery, A.C. Camargo Cancer Center (ACCCC) Professor of Neurosurgery, Santa Casa de São Paulo School of Medical Sciences (FCMSCSP) São Paulo-SP, Brazil.
Professor at Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul Neurotologist at Santa Casa de Porto Alegre and Federal University of Health Sciences of Porto Alegre Master degree and PhD at Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul Postdoctoral Fellow at University of Southern California
Coordenador do programa de residência médica do Hospital de Força Aérea do galeão. Mestre em neurocirurgia pela Uni Rio. Ex coordenador do departamento de base de crânio da SBN
Neurosurgeon trained in Hospital Municipal Miguel Couto, Rio de Janeiro. Fellowship in Endovascular Neurosurgery in Hospital Santa Teresa, Petropolis. Member of Brazilian Society of Neurosurgery Treasurer SNCRJ 2018-2020
Head of Neurosurgery Department of the Clemente Alvarez Hospital-Rosario-ARGENTINA VICE PRESIDENT OF THE ARGENTINE ASSOCIATION OF NEUROSURGERY EX-MEMBER OF THE SOCIETE DU NEUROCHIRURGIE DE LANGUE FRANCAISE
M.D. Neurosurgeon at Paulo Niemeyer State Brain Institute in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil - Fellow in Department of Neurosurgery, University of Tübingen, Germany, 2012 - Member of Brazilian Neurosurgery Society
Biography of Prof. Kaoru KURISU
He was born in 1955 in Hiroshima and graduated from Hiroshima University Faculty of Medicine in 1981 and got medical license in the same year and started his carrier as neurosurgeon from Department of Neurosurgery Hiroshima University Hospital (HUH). He mov...
1974-1980 Undergraduate, Faculty of Medicine Osaka City University, Japan
1980-1987 Resident, Dept. of Neurosurgery Osaka City University
1988-1990 Research Associate
Dept. of Neurosurgery, Medical College of Virginia, USA
1990-1991 Clinical Fellow, Dept. of ENT, Fluda Municip...
Chairman. Department of Neurosurgery Hospital Peron Buenos Aires Former President Asociacion argentina de Neurocirugia Former President Sociedad de Neurocirugia de la provincia de Buenos Aires
Clinical Residency, Neurosurgery - State University of Rio de Janeiro
Research Fellowship - University of Tübingen, Germany
Visiting Fellowship - Weill Cornell Medical College, University of Indiana, Mayo Clinic
Associate Professor of Neurosurgery - Fluminense Federal University and ...
Massimiliano VISOCCHI (CF : VSCMSM58B18H501A) was born in Rome on February the 18th, 1958, he is Professor in Neurosurgery at the Catholic University of Rome Italy and Visiting Professor at the Shanghai University (China), the George’s University of London (UK) and at the Mumbai University (India) ...View more
Skull Base and Neuroendoscopy WFNS Fellowship, Malaga, Spain, 2014
Vascular Neurosurgery Fellowship, Mexico City, 2015
Skull Base and Microneurosurgery Fellowship, Weill Cornell Medical College, NY, USA, 2016
Skull Base and Vascular Neurosurgeon, Department of Neurosurgery, Hospital R...
graduação :Escola Paulista de Medicina - UNIFESP residência : Escola Paulista de Medicina - UNIFESP doutorado : Universidade de Sao Paulo - USP Pós-doutorado : University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences - UAMS Professor Adjunto de Neurocirurgia - Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul
Consultant at the Department of Neurosurgery, Hospital São João, Porto Member of the Training Committee of the Portuguese Neurosurgery Society Vice President of the Portuguese Brain Council Assistant in Neurological Diseases at the Faculty of Medicine, University of Porto
MD from Federal University of Triângulo Mineiro, Uberaba, Brazil (2003), medical residency in Neurosurgery at Santa Casa de Misericórdia de Ribeirão Preto, Brazil (2009), Ph.D. in Neurosurgery at Ribeirão Preto Medical School of University of São Paulo, Brazil (2011), and Postdoctoral Fellowship at ...View more
Born in India in 1964, Roy Thomas Daniel graduated from the Faculty of Medicine of the State of Kerala, India (1989) and specialist in neurosurgery Christian Medical College (CMC), Vellore, India (1997). He then benefited from three years of Fellowships in neurosurgery at the Royal Adelaide Hospital...View more
Faculty Neurosurgeon at Catholic University hospital of Porto Alegre PhD in Neurosciences Full Member of the Brazilian Society of Neurosurgery Fellowship in Microsurgical Anatomy at the University of Florida (Prof. Rhoton)
Dr. Couldwell specializes in Neurosurgery, Brain Tumors, Brain Aneurysms, Skull Base Surgery, Stroke, Traumatic Brain Injury, Head Trauma and Neuro Critical Care.
William T. Couldwell, MD, PhD serves as Professor and Chair of the Department of Neurosurgery at the University of Utah. He ha...
Sheraton Rio Hotel & Resort
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Avenida Niemeyer 121 - Leblon, Rio de Janeiro - 22450-220 - Brazil